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Comics Publishing Woes

posted on June 23, 2017 by Phillip Ginn
Posted in Art Blog, General Thoughts, Op Ed

There’s a good article in The Atlantic that delves into why Marvel, and similarly, DC Comics have had trouble making money publishing their comics. It’s a good read for anyone that cares about popular comics. I have several criticisms that are both touched on and not presented in the article. If you don’t want to read my word-vomiting, at least read the article for an actual journalist’s insight into the world of Marvel (and DC’s) publishing faults.

Marvel and DC have been using the same direct market model for decades without attempting to adapt the publishing, distribution, or business models for new readers and new/different reading habits, while also frustrating long time readers. I’m not a retailer, but from my own consumer perspective (and my interest in the industry as a whole), I can tell you that there are so many reasons why Marvel and DC are not great publishers any more, even though they may be great entertainment companies.

1. I much prefer the Japanese model – cheap anthologies chock full of stories, which later get collected into trades (tankōbon). I’d much rather see DC and Marvel publish full graphic novels, serial or otherwise, periodically throughout the year while offering super cheap anthologies every month. This would give monthly lovers their fix, provide a constant stream of income, and help get rid of stupid continuity convolution because continuity changes would be slower as the stories become more focused (graphic novels) and/or take longer to develop (both graphic novels and short anthology stories). Even if the Big Two weren’t to adopt this model, they should, at the very least, take a look at how people are finding, buying, and reading their books and try to find a balance between financial stability and good publishing and distribution practices. At the very least, work with the book stores (not comic shops) to better display and present the trades/graphic novels.

2. I question how much the Big Two care about their characters. Their marketing and treatment of their characters suggest that they don’t, at least relative the how much they care about making a profit – a very business-oriented perspective instead of a creative one. And while Marvel and DC are definitely big businesses, their product can arguably suffer as a result of this prioritization. Make good products, consumers will buy for a long time. Make pandering products built to make money and some will buy for a short time. This might explain why good, critically acclaimed books that don’t feature the major, popular icons like Spider-Man, The Avengers, or The X-Men don’t get promoted as well as they should. Without proper marketing, pre-orders can suffer, and low pre-orders can lead to the cancellation of a title.

3. We’ve been trained to think that anything significant – changing a major icon’s character from the original to someone new, a crossover story, a major event for a single character – is a gimmick. On the first Sam Raimi Spider-Man DVD, there was a special feature where Marvel creators were interviewed. In this feature, Joe Quesada had said that, during the comics boom of the 90s, they’d forgotten what readers really want: a good story. And yet, Marvel and DC have returned to “the gimmick” era disguised as “good stories” when the good stories that get critical and fan acclaim go without proper marketing.

4. Convoluted storylines are nothing new. They can, in fact, be interesting if done right. But when convoluted publishing coincides with convoluted stories, that’s when buying books becomes a chore. Frequent crossover events require buying multiple titles readers may not be interested in becomes a pain and financially draining, and relaunching books with new #1s over and over and over again becomes cumbersome and prevents readers from becoming invested in an ongoing title. Even self-contained stories don’t necessitate relaunching a title under the monthly publishing model. And, replacing major, iconic characters may or may not be confusing to new and old readers, but combined with multiple universes/imprints and numerous relaunches and yes, it can be confusing. Basically, collecting monthly comics is a chore and difficult for new readers. This is another reason why I like trade paperbacks: I can select which stories I want to read.

5. Licensing is much more important to these companies (or, at least, their parent companies). The books are now secondary. Even though the comic book is an American invention, they get much more respect in Europe and Japan – in Japan, everyone reads comics, and the comic industry is, from my understanding, largely autonomous with licensing being supplemental. Also, there are multitudes of subject matter: from superheroes to sports; from sci-fi to romance; from fantasy to board games. To an extent, we have that here, but because most of the marketing from the Big Two goes towards superhero titles, other books get lost. Not to mention that much of diverse subject matter comes to us in imported manga titles and indie/alternative books – the latter of which are treated more like the prose book market: traditional book stores, along with book reviews and recommendations from trusted sources, are almost essential in drawing the public’s attention to books like Nanking, Fun Home, American Born Chinese, etc.

6. Many comic shops are not inviting to everyone. They’re often – not always, but often – dim or dark-ish, dank, and/or staffed by aloof “comic bros”, and the racks are full of books geared for specific readers. The best comic shops I’ve been to are bright and well-lit, clean, and the staff may be casual but they’re friendly to everyone and they’re professional. And they’re easily identifiable in some way (a badge, similar T-shirts, etc). Those shops are inviting to women and families. If I were a woman, for example, I’d much rather go to a large book store to get my comics than a typical comic store.

The Case Of Doctor Strange And Being Afraid Of Stereotypes (AKA Stereotypes Are Based On Truth)

posted on June 16, 2017 by Phillip Ginn
Posted in General Thoughts, Op Ed

I am not afraid of stereotypes.

Oh, I acknowledge there are stereotypes that are detrimental to any group, but I’m not afraid of those, either. Stereotypes generally come from true origins, so any stereotype is likely to have roots with a deeper meaning in fact and history than the stereotype exemplifies. I’ve seen stereotypes of all sorts portrayed in media with respect and sensitivity, and I’ve seen them portrayed as ridiculous, superficial traits that could be considered offensive.

What is important is context

I just watched Doctor Strange for the first time since the theater. And while Tilda Swinton did a good job in the role of The Ancient One, she essentially was doing her best Asian Monk impression. From her first line to her last, I could see and hear Chinese actress Michelle Yeoh play that role.

Defending Swinton’s casting by stating it was a way to avoid Asian stereotypes is completely off the mark. The role could have been filled by an Asian actor – man or woman – and played with respect and sensitivity.

Writer C. Robert Cargill’s comment regarding the relationship between China and Tibet, “If you are telling me it’s a good idea to cast a Chinese actress as a Tibetan character, you are out of your damn fool mind,” is narrow-minded comment. If the producers are that concerned about that political issue, hire another Asian actor besides a Chinese one. People got over the “controversy” of hiring Zhang Ziyi in Memoirs Of A Geisha. Not to mention the fact that an actor’s job is to play the part they’re hired for. If, say, Michelle Yeoh didn’t want the part because she’d be playing a Tibetan monk, she can decline. If she accepts, she’ll do the job she’s hired for. Afraid of losing the Chinese market by acknowledging Tibet at all? Then make the character Nepalese. Strange travels to Kathmandu, after all. Easy. Or, you know, you could focus on making a good film and using as much of the comic’s lore as possible, then worry about the market later. Is it necessary to allow politics to affect one’s creative decisions? Apparently, in Hollywood, where money rules, it is.

Director Scott Derrickson, who has since owned up to his whitewashing – which he said was the lesser evil – made the assessment during scriptwriting that when he “envisioned that character being played by an Asian actress, it was a straight-up Dragon Lady.” This shows that he isn’t just afraid of perpetuating stereotypes. I posit that has no idea how to use Asian actors or how to see Asian people in different roles, stereotypical or not. He made sure to “reinvent” the character of Wong so that the character wasn’t the stereotypical Asian manservant. But he couldn’t do the same with The Ancient One? Nor could he trust an Asian actor to play an Asian role with the respect and sensitivity that type of character deserves? I state again: with every line recited by Tilda Swinton, I could see and hear Michelle Yeoh playing the part.

Let’s not forget the fact that there are plenty of Asian guru characters in both American AND Asian contemporary television and film that are portrayed as rich characters. Perhaps the producers at Marvel should watch Netflix’s Marco Polo and take special note of the character One Hundred Eyes – the martial arts master; the Daoist monk; the calm, wise teacher of Marco Polo. That’s an Asian guru character, but it’s played beautifully by Tom Wu. I pose this question: in owning up to his whitewashing of The Ancient One, has Derrickson learned that it’s his limited vision of Asian people that is also the problem?

In trying to avoid stereotypes, did the filmmakers think they were doing Asians a favor making one of the most important Asian comic characters in Doctor Strange’s story a White person?

People – including creative people – shouldn’t be afraid of stereotypes. Many people embody stereotypes because stereotypes come from truth. There are actual, living people that embody the Asian guru stereotype. There are tons of Asians that are super good students. There are plenty of “Tiger moms”. There are a lot of Asian doctors and computer nerds. Asians are often associated with these these traits and roles because there are millions of Asians that are these things. But these real, live people are much more than the stereotypes they embody. They aren’t JUST the stereotypes. They have hobbies. They have particular tastes in entertainment. They like certain foods. They have a particular perspective on life. They have opinions about the world they live in.

Yes, we want characters that are less, or not, stereotypical in our stories, but we can also have rich characters that embody stereotypes in our stories, too. I see plenty of them on television.

Agent Melinda May from Agents of SHIELD is the silent martial arts warrior type that uses Tai Chi to center herself. She’s loyal to her friends. Cunning, intelligent, and resilient. She’s the silent type because she’s guarded herself from the outside world due to a past tragic incident. She’s a rich character.

Sunny from Into The Badlands is the tough martial arts warrior whose fighting skills are better than everyone else’s in the land. But he grows tired of his station in life. He knows there’s more to him than the psychologically abusive way he was raised. Finding inspiration in a young boy, he seeks to find his true home. He is a rich character.

There main characters in Fresh Off The Boat exemplify several Asian stereotypes. Jessica is the control freak Chinese mom that wants her kids to focus on school and looks for the cheapest deals. Louis, the father, is perhaps, arguably, the least stereotypical character because of his aloofness and his attentiveness to his kids. But, he does focus a lot on his work as immigrants tend to do. And the fact that he’s an immigrant who owns a restaurant is fairly stereotypical. Eddie, the oldest son, embodies the Asian adoption of hip-hop culture and is the rebellious son of immigrants who tries to be more “American” than old-world Chinese. His character isn’t necessarily ashamed of his heritage, but he longs to fit in, and this touches on the very common theme of Asian children of immigrants or first generation parents that aren’t sure of their place in America. The middle son, Emery, is slightly effeminate, for lack of a better term. He’s more in touch with his feelings than the rest of his family and this trait is exhibited in his behavior. As such, he embodies the stereotypical “unmanly Asian man”. The youngest son, Evan, is a mama’s boy and school nerd. For any stereotypes these characters embody, they are still rich characters.

(In fact, the there are plenty of White stereotypes in Fresh Off The Boat as well: the neighborhood blonde women who are snooty, catty, clique-ish, and gossipy exemplify the suburbanite woman stereotype. These are largely superficial characters, used to propel plots and as butts of jokes)

We can conclude from this that people are more than the obvious traits they exhibit. No two stereotypical people are alike because they think, feel, and behave differently. Why? Because they’re different people. This is why directors and casting directors go through the casting process in the first place: to get the actor that best portrays what they want. No two actors will portray the same role exactly the same way.

Can they not do the same for Asian roles?

I return to the lesson I hope Scott Derrickson learns at some point. It is, in fact, a lesson I think everyone can learn. It isn’t enough to be afraid to portray a stereotype in our entertainment. Instead, we shouldn’t fear stereotypes. What we should be afraid of is portraying stereotypes disrespectfully and without sensitivity to their origins.

As for Asians in film, filmmakers need to know how to handle an Asian characters. They have to know to trust an Asian actor. And they have to see Asians as people, not traits.

Marvel’s Iron Fist on Netflix (No Spoilers)

posted on March 30, 2017 by Phillip Ginn
Posted in General Thoughts, Op Ed

(Skip to the tr;dr summary)

I really liked Netflix’s Daredevil, with its high characterization and great street vibe. I thought Jessica Jones was absolutely stupendous with an extremely good writing, great characters, and great acting to match. I was disappointed with Luke Cage; it didn’t meld that “street” vibe found in Marvel’s Netflix shows, including Luke Cage, with the Blaxploitation genre the showrunners very much wanted to pay homage to in a smooth, enjoyable way, and the story became disjointed with the introduction of a second villain that came out of nowhere. With Luke Cage, the problem was in the writing, but definitely not the acting.

Now we have the fourth, most boring and uninspired of the bunch: Iron Fist.


Iron Fist
From Netflix.com

 

Iron Fist’s Race Thing

Let’s get the race stuff out of the way. Danny Rand, The Iron Fist, is originally a White character built on a story of Asian mystic and martial arts stereotypes. There was some controversy about the casting of the lead, with many Asian Americans hoping Marvel would cast an Asian American actor in the role.

I’m Chinese American, and I’m not offended that they kept Danny Rand as a White man. That’s who he is in the comics, and as interesting as it may have been to make the on-screen character Asian American, from a storytelling and representational standpoint, the character’s story would have to change from the one in the comics. Changing any established character’s ethnicity, gender, or sexuality could or would necessitate a change in story because, were that character to exist in the real world, chances are pretty high they’d have a much different experience than that of whatever their original ethnicity, gender, or sexuality is. Advocates for an Asian American Danny Rand knew that, and offered up an interesting take on a backstory change. As much as I’d like to have seen that, Marvel decided to keep the character they way he is in the comics. I accept their decision. I’ll have to judge what they present to me, should I choose to watch. Which I did.

This brings us to the question of cultural appropriation. Appropriation is taking something for one’s own use. It is neither inherently bad or good; only the results can be bad or good. My take on cultural appropriation is: it happens. Without it, we wouldn’t have: Korean tacos (Korean + Mexian), ramen (Chinese egg noodles in a Japanese dish), K-Pop (Korea meets American teen pop), blues and jazz (African music adapted to western music theory), Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu (Judo and Jiu-Jitsu adopted and adapted by Brazilian Helio Gracie), Jeet Kune Do (a concept conceived by Bruce Lee that borrows from all fighting styles), Cajun food (French colonists from Acadia, Canada influenced by the food in the region they settled in Louisiana), and so much more.

And don’t forget Samurai Jack and the show’s very popular return.

But there’s a difference between good appropriation and bad appropriation. Good appropriation is done with respect to the source. Take Avatar: The Last Airbender, for example. The show’s creators are not Asian, and neither is most of the voice cast. Yet, the story was presented with clear respect for the Asian material from which they borrowed. Bad appropriation is done with disrespect. Take, for instance, the controversial video about a pho restaurant (since taken down) published by Bon Appetit in September 2016.

Iron Fist was born out of stereotypes. I can’t say if any disrespect was intended with the character’s conception. What I can say is that the creation of Iron Fist was a case of Marvel and creators Roy Thomas and Gil Kane being influenced by, and wanting to capitalize on, the oncoming trend of kung fu movies popularized by Bruce Lee. They borrowed stereotypes to present something they thought would be trendy. Other comic creators did the same. This is not inherently bad. Plus, the comic was created in 1974, back when most characters were still being created as White. Not all, but most. Batman. Spider-Man. Iron Man. Iron Fist.

Still, in presenting this story today, Marvel and Netflix must deal with an American society that has heightened its sensitivity towards racial issues, including cultural appropriation. And with Asian Americans wanting more representation in media, it’s easy to see why Netflix’s Iron Fist is oddly timed. Had it come out even five years ago, it might not have been quite as weird to see White English actor Finn Jones playing Danny Rand. But here, in 2017, it’s weird.

My hope with Netflix’s Iron Fist was that the showrunners would treat whatever Asian elements they use with respect. The result? The show doesn’t necssarily disrespect anything borrowed, but there isn’t really a lot of reverence, either. Anything Asian in the show is just kind of… there. Iron Fist presents the viewer with small reminders that there is an Asian context to the story: recurring Netflix/Marvel Asian character Madame Gao, Danny Rand spouting Buddhist philosophies and prayers, lines of Mandarin, and glimpses of monks. Ideally, the Asian elements would be presented in a natural and integral way in order to provide a deeper context. Instead, these reminders come across as superficial, rendering them rather unimportant. This defeats the purpose of having an Asian foundation to the Iron Fist story: A boy gets lost in another land, grows up there learns to fight, and gains a power called The Iron Fist. The Asian part of his origin isn’t explored, merely presented in fragments.

The main exception to this superficiality is Colleen Wing, played by Jessica Henwick. Colleen is a main side character of Chinese (or, at least, half Chinese) descent that is a Karate and Kendo master with her own dojo and her own backstory. The other exception, to a much lesser degree, is The Hand. They’re an influential underground organization that trains their members in martial arts, but they’re not presented as ninja as they are in Netflix’s Daredevil or the comics. In Iron Fist, they’re mainly just tough thugs. So, the obvious thing that ties The Hand to anything Asian is stripped away.


Colleen Wing
Colleen Wing teaching Kendo to students. Photo via IGN.

I thought I’d have a problem seeing kung fu master monks training Danny and his fellow students – not because of stereotypes, but because that scenario was purposefully avoided for Marvel’s Doctor Strange: The character of The Ancient One was turned into a Celtic/White woman instead of keeping the character a Tibetan man because Marvel didn’t want to perpetuate the Asian guru stereotype. The problem with this is that many stereotypes come from truth. There’s a way to present stereotypes steeped in truth in an honest, respectful, well-developed manner, and there’s a way to portray those same stereotypes as superficial, dumb, mean, laughable, and meaningless. There’s deeper reason why Asians are thought of as smart bookworms and good students, why Asians are typically associated with math and computers. Just as there’s a deeper reason why Chinese martial arts seem mysterious and mystical. Characters and plot devices that might need to fit these stereotypes can be written and presented with reverence.

Spending time with the monks in K’un L’un, the fictional Asian land in which Danny was lost, may have alleviated the problem of superficial Asian elements, but it turns out there are only minor glimpses of the warrior monks in Iron Fist. Nothing like what I thought I’d see. I wonder if the showrunners wanted to avoid Asian guru stereotypes, a la Doctor Strange, or if they’re reserving the monks for a future storyline. Either way, it doesn’t matter. Without them, the story’s connection to Asian culture suffers. The audience doesn’t get a chance to connect with Danny’s origins, his transformation, and the trials he endured during his time in K’un L’un, making him very one-dimensional.

Oh yeah. There’s also the martial arts. That tends to be pretty Asian.

 

The Martial Arts Of Iron Fist

…are mediocre.

I really like the fight sequences of Netflix’s Daredevil. Raw, powerful, aggressive, well-paced, and visually pleasing. They’re very, very good for what is essentially a TV show. By comparison, though, Iron Fist makes Daredevil look phenomenal.

This is extremely sad because the story of Iron Fist depends so much on martial arts. But the choreography, performance, and the editing are all generally lacking. For example: One early scene depicting a short sparring match between Danny and Colleen is so slow and deliberate that I was instantly reminded of the playground sparring match in writer-director Mark Johnson’s movie version of Daredevil (the much maligned quality of which I still maintain isn’t Ben Affleck’s fault, but is Johnson’s… but, I digress).

Finn Jones as Iron Fist has no finesse. When shown practicing, he moves as if he’s remembering what to do. He moves a hand, an arm, from Point A to Point B with no intent or purpose. During fight scenes, he poses in kung fu-esque poses, as is customary in martial arts films, but looks ridiculous doing it. And while looks aren’t important in a street fight, looks are super important on-screen. Now, Jones isn’t horrible: he can punch, kick, and throw (or, his stunt double can), but he doesn’t move like he’s at one with his training. He’s unconvincing and cheesy.

As a person that has trained in two different martial arts over several years, I know how difficult it is to remember the training and to be good it. But Finn Jones is an actor. It’s his job to convince the audience that he knows what he’s doing. Other untrained actors have done it long before him. Jason Scott Lee, who placed Bruce Lee in the dramatized biopic, Dragon: The Bruce Lee Story, had some technique problems. But, his physical performance convinced me, visually, that he knew what he was doing. Jones does not do that. He doesn’t sell his character’s skill.

Other actors are more convincing: Sacha Dhawan and Ramon Rodriguez, who play Davos and Bakuto, respectively, both move well and with more finesse. Henwick’s Colleen is pretty good, too. Like Lee in Dragon, there is some physical awkwardness, but she moves powerfully.

Furthermore, Danny practices the same very short Tai Chi-esque form through the entire series, with one or two exceptions as the story necessitates. The layperson likely won’t know this, but most forms in kung fu are much longer, and most, if not all, kung fu styles have several forms or variations on a form depending on the style (I won’t profess to know everything about every kung fu style). Rand practicing a single short form for the entire series does nothing to help show off his level of knowledge.

I’ve read the argument that showing Danny performing a long, slow form would be a waste of time. This argument holds no weight. As we’ve seen in Dragon: The Bruce Lee Story, the Ip Man series, and even the Avatar: The Last Airbender series, among others, giving the illusion of slowness and/or length when showing martial arts forms is entirely possible with creative choreography and editing along with a good performance (or animation, in Avatar‘s case).


Danny Rand
Danny strikes a pose. Photo via IGN.

To be fair, according to Jones, he only had 3 intense weeks of martial arts and weight training before filming began, and apparently he had to learn fight choreography 15 minutes before filming – all because filming was on a tight schedule. Thus, he did the best he could, and that is absolutely understandable. Except, the audience won’t know this going in, so it’s irrelevant. If the production team is going to rush through important elements of a show, they’re going to get bad to mediocre results, and Iron Fist‘s team skimping on the martial arts for a show dependent upon martial arts is an idiotic thing to do. Plus, I think that there are things Jones could have done on his own to prepare and be more convincing in his performance. He is, after all, the one on screen.

As for the fight scenes themselves, it’s almost as if the showrunners had never seen a good kung fu film. They use the trendy quick-cut editing style while enveloping many of the scenes in tons of black to try and create a sense of violence in a dark, scary atmosphere… or to make up for the lacking in fight department. Who knows. By comparison, the fights in Daredevil weren’t as dark, and the show is dependent upon night scenes. The darkness was stylized, sure, but we could see much of what was going on, creating a visceral experience while still letting us see how good of a fighter Daredevil is. As a contrary example, Iron Fist features a one-on-one fight in episode 12 that should have been climactic. But, it’s clad in black with shapes of light in the background so we can kind of see the silhouettes sometimes. It was boring. I waited for it to be over. Unfortunately most of the fights in Iron Fist are this boring, regardless of lighting. There are some nice moments, sure, but they’re not enough.

I want to see the fights. I want to see what makes Iron Fist the Living Weapon. There’s a reason why people love films by Bruce Lee, Jackie Chan films, Jet Li, Donnie Yen, among the other great martial arts films – because these films show how skilled their stars are, how badass they are. Iron Fist should continue this legacy. After all, the character was created out of the kung fu film genre, so it follows that the show demonstrate that. It fails.

Yes, quick-cut editing can work if done properly. Christopher Nolan’s fight scenes in his Batman trilogy are good examples. The most important thing about quick editing is that it can’t take the place of the content. The content itself must be understood, regardless of the editing, unless the director is purposefully trying to confuse, disorient, or hide something from the audience. If the editing takes the place of the content, the content isn’t important and therefore useless. In the Batman trilogy, we can see what’s going on, even though the cuts are quick. The editing enhances the brutal, violent chaos of the fights. In Iron Fist, the editing, along with the lighting, serve to distract and cover up the content.

 

The Boring Story Of Netflix’s Iron Fist

I’ll try to review the story without spoiling anything.

Both Daredevil and Jessica Jones were slow, but they were interesting enough that the pacing was comfortable and I could get sucked in to the story. They were, in a way – especially Daredevil – like absurdist plays where not much happens in the way of plot, but we get to know the characters – their personalities, their views, their perceived place in the world. Not so with Iron Fist.

Danny Rand who, at age 10, becomes deserted in the Himalayas after a plane crash left him stranded and his parents dead. He was taken in by monks of K’un L’un, learned their ways, was taught kung fu, and earned the power of the Iron Fist. He’s the sworn enemy of The Hand and the Immortal Weapon that is supposed to guard the opening of K’un L’un. He returns home to New York after 15 years of being presumed dead.

For much of the series, we don’t really know why Danny returns home, but it doesn’t appear for the sake of finally returning to America or for the sake of reclaiming his family’s company, Rand Enterprises. It’s safe to assume that he wants to learn more about his parents’ death because he is fixated on it, and, for some reason, he believes there was more to the plane crash than what meets the eye. Why he believes this is never really discussed. What we can figure, though, is that he may not have come home to hunt The Hand, since he learns after his return that The Hand is also in New York. Convenient, no?

The plot is thin, which is fine so long as the presentation is captivating. It’s not. Most developments that take place are not suspenseful, surprising, or the least bit interesting. Conversations between characters linger without going anywhere significant. Character personalities are very easy to determine almost right away, and their place in the world is obvious and simple. There are a couple complex characters as we find out during the series, but it is a chore waiting to get these points. There are so many unmoving, uninteresting scenes that the 13 episodes could have likely been distilled into 6-7 episodes and not too much would have been lost. I found myself getting through episodes out a sense of duty, not a sense of anticipation and excitement.

There are many moments of camp and cheese, even though the show doesn’t seem to be built for it. Sometimes it’s the dialogue, sometimes the acting, sometimes both. When Danny talks to Colleen’s students while she’s out of the dojo, he emphatically delivers the philosophies of a disciplined warrior, then proceeds to demonstrate by performing moves in an amateurish fashion. I cringed as I watched, and the students laugh at him. In another scene, Danny and Collen practice Danny’s one form together, but then she turns to face him and they mirror each other in what I assume was supposed to be a romantic martial arts dance. It wasn’t lovely or sensual, and there was no connection between the two. It was campy.

 

The Characters Of Iron Fist


Iron Fist
Danny Rand, Ward Meachum, and Joy Meachum. Photo via IGN.

When we meet Danny, he’s a good-natured guy with inner conflicts. He tries to follow the Buddhist teachings of the monks, but often fails or contradicts them. He is full of anger and has difficulty quashing those feelings with meditation. The American in him is often at odds with the monk lifestyle; after regaining his wealth, he’s seen driving around in an Aston Martin, one of the most expensive supercars on the market (the show makes a joke about this, which is pretty funny).

He doesn’t seem too clever, either. He may have been immersed in another culture for 15 years, but he left America at age 10, so surely he should have some inkling that telling people – say, a psychiatrist – about K’un L’un and his role as The Iron Fist might not be taken seriously; after failing multiple times trying to prove his identity to his friends, Ward and Joy Meachum, it took him an annoyingly long time to seek help; he’s rather petualantly impulsive, going out on missions without any real idea of what to do other than fight.

Finally, he continually reminds the audience, with much earnest, that HE IS THE IRON FIST and sworn enemy of The Hand, like he’s also trying to remind himself.

These are small details that culminate into the makeup of his character, and anyone would think that a character with these complex set of traits would be interesting. But, for some reason, he’s not. After we learn whatever the show wants to reveal about him, he stagnates. There is very little development. But, if Danny Rand is meant to be a brash, naïve, grown-up child of relative innocence, then Jones’ portrayal fits the bill.

Colleen Wing is interesting. It’s obvious there’s more to her story than just being a teacher helping out troubled youths. We learn about her little by little, but as things are revealed other questions arise. Compare this to Danny, about whom there are the same questions after each episode: Why did he leave K’un L’un? How did he get the Iron Fist? Why does he suspect foul play with his parents’ death?

There’s the Meachum family, close friends of the Rands. When we meet Ward Meachum, it’s easy to assume he might be the main villain. He spent his entire life under the psychologically abusive control of his father and spends the series trying to find a way to escape it. His character, who himself displays a slightly abusive, authoritarian demeanor, flip flops on a few plot elements but ultimately and selfishly tries to do the right thing, both for his sister Joy and himself. His character shows some development through the series and seems to come out a changed man by the end. Joy, however, is kind of a MacGuffin, a plot device that helps move things along but isn’t necessarily important herself. She serves as the person Ward cares about the most, and the person Danny feels most connected to upon his return home until that connection is cast aside. Her character seems to serve other characters’ stories.

Harold Meachum, the father, is also a plot device. He gives Danny some sort of purpose, at first. His character is shrouded in mystery, but once the mystery comes to light his story becomes predictable. He undergoes very little development and, like Joy, merely serves as a means of deepening Ward’s character.

There are a few notable side characters. We learn more about Madame Gao, an elderly Chinese woman played by Wai Ching Ho that was introduced in Daredevil, and her involvement in The Hand. Davos, Danny’s friend from K’un L’un, considers Danny a brother while hinting at jealousy and/or ulterior motives. The monk Lei Kung, Danny’s primary sifu in K’un L’un (who sounds a bit like Christopher Lee), makes an appearance in a series of visions to provide Danny with some wisdom during a 3-tiered battle a la Bruce Lee’s Game Of Death. Carrie-Ann Moss returns to the Netlfix/Marvel franchise as lawyer Jeri Hogarth, who first appeared in Jessica Jones. And Bakuto, an obscure character from the Daredevil comics, makes for a good antagonist: His initial intentions are good, but you can tell there just has to be something he’s hiding.

Then there’s Rosario Dawson’s Claire, a recurring Marvel/Netflix character who made her first appearance in Daredevil, makes a cameo in Jessica Jones, and is as a major side character in Luke Cage. She plays arguably important roles in those series, both big and small, but I cannot figure out why she’s in Iron Fist, other than it must be a franchise requirement. She’s a nurse, and in Iron Fist, she’s a student of Colleen’s who decides she going to involve herself in Danny’s adventures. For no reason. She has no personal stake in the story,and no connection to Danny other than Colleen is a mutual acquaintance.

Well, there is the fact that The Hand infiltrated her hospital in Daredevil season 2, during which one of her friends was killed. But, she recalls this in a mere few lines of dialogue. The problem with this is if a character refers to something that happened in another show, but we’re not shown these references in the show we’re watching, and not enough significance is given to the exposition, the reference runs the risk of not having importance. When a character makes very brief mention about something in their past, we can acknowledge something happened, and it may be interesting, but it won’t have much weight other than it gives the character some nuanced background. In Claire’s case, she mentions the hospital attack as an off-the-cuff utterance during a debate about an upcoming mission – minor exposition equals minor information equals minor importance. As a result of this mere utterance, she ends up going on the mission with Danny and Colleen… because she “owes” The Hand, apparently.


Iron Fist
Colleen and Danny get ready for action. Oh, and Claire came along. Photo via IGN.

Since she’s there, she gets put to use, patching up wounds and helping in fights – due to her training with Colleen, she can fight. Her skill level is undetermined except we know she’s a student. Yet, she faces off against supposedly dangerous fighters, she doesn’t die, and I don’t recall her getting wounded. I guess this means she’s either on the same level as Danny and Colleen, she was smart enough to pick the least skilled baddies, or she’s just incredibly lucky. I assume the latter. In any case, I’m having a hard time figuring out why Claire is in the show. It could be argued she was important in some way, big or small, in Daredevil, Jessica Jones, and Luke Cage. But this presents another problem: Claire’s character is full if you’ve seen the other shows, but if you only regard her character as presented in Iron Fist she has no significance.

 

The End Of Iron Fist

I’m going to end with the end: I won’t spoil anything, but Danny Rand isn’t even the one who wins in the show’s finale.

There are two major battles at the end of the story, and Danny isn’t the one who triumphs in either. His entire journey – being The Iron Fist, his search for his true purpose outside of K’un L’un, his war with The Hand – is really just a catalyst for other characters’ journeys.

I also realized, during the last couple episodes, that I was watching a B movie that doesn’t realize it’s a B movie. Its teetering between that fine line of cheese and wanting to be taken somewhat seriously that blinds itself to what it really is.

I really need to mention the theme music: If you’ve seen the official Iron Fist trailer, you may have noticed the music, which I thought was pretty good. A medium-paced drum-and-bass feel with a kind of filtered organ ostinato over the top for some drama. The actual theme song of the show pales in comparison to the trailer music. It’s atmospheric but unmemorable and not dramatic or exciting. Of course, the same could be said about the trailer itself being better than the actual show…

Were there any redeeming qualities of Netflix’s Iron Fist? I liked Colleen Wing. And it was nice to see Madame Gao’s role develop a little further. Bakuto and Davos were a decent characters, however minor they turned out to be in this season. And the overall acting isn’t bad, save for Finn Jones’ lack of martial arts prowess. The actors did what they could with the script and production, and you can tell they’re trying to be good at their job.

Perhaps I had a lot to say about Iron Fist because so much that could have and should have gone right just went wrong. In my opinion, of course. We got a show with no heart. This isn’t to say the production team didn’t put any effort into making the show – obviously, there is some – but it just wasn’t the right kind of effort. Plus, if this kind of show – one that is associated with cultural controversy – is going to be made, it had better be done extremely well. I may watch season 2 if and when it comes out, but not because I’m eager to get to the next part of the story. More out of morbid curiosity, to see if another trainwreck happens.

* * *

TL;DR

Netflix’s Iron Fist uses Asian elements inherent in the comic character’s story in a superficial manner, rendering them as mere reminders of the context of Danny Rand’s story; there’s nothing deep about them. The martial arts are amateurish, as if the showrunners had never seen a good kung fu movie before. Quick edits and near all-black composition during fight scenes work to their detriment, not to their favor. Finn Jones has no finesse as a actor performing martial arts on screen. The story could have been condensed to six, maybe seven episodes. The story goes mostly nowhere, the plot is thin, and most characters do not develop or are simply tools for other characters’ development.

Goodbye, Carrie Fisher

posted on December 27, 2016 by Phillip Ginn
Posted in General Thoughts

I don’t normally get teary-eyed at the passing of a celebrity. And I don’t often feel prompted to write about them afterwards, either. Sure, celebrity passings, especially of the iconic, are sad, but it’s difficult for me to become emotional about someone I didn’t know, despite however much I admired them or how much they had an impact on my life.

But Carrie Fisher’s passing is different. And the only time I can remember getting teary-eyed because of a celebrity passing.

Star Wars fans take the franchise very seriously, even though Star Wars itself isn’t necessarily a serious thing. Sure, it can be, but ultimately Star Wars is a sci-fi fantasy romp. It’s fun. It’s entertaining. It’s epic. It’s wondrous. Within that, we as fans can take what we want from it.

For me, Star Wars became more and more personal as I continued to get older. It was an example of one person’s personal vision of combining pure entertainment with philosophical concepts. You don’t have to get too deep with Star Wars, but the offering is there if that’s what you want to take from it. There’s the battle between good and evil, the grey area in between, and redemption. It was about being one with everything in the universe, the drawbacks of being too rigid in one’s point of view, and the handling of power.

All wrapped up in lightsabers, aliens, and hyperjump calculations.

The three main characters of the original trilogy are as iconic as they come. They were, after all, the core of a film that helped changed cinematic history. But they were more than that. They were heroes, whether reluctant at first but grew into one (Han Solo), destined to become one (Luke Skywalker), or always was one (Princess Leia) – each with their own strengths and struggles.

Leia didn’t take crap from anyone. She knew what she had to do and did it. When Han was about to be frozen in carbonite, she remained strong and composed, never turning sappy or broken, even as she finally professed her love for him. The famous Jabba scene with the gold bikini? Controversial as it may be, what we see on screen is a strong woman trivialized and sexualized, only to have her come out as the victor when she kills her captor with the very chains that bound her. Leia was fiercely independent and tough. She was in charge, and her followers looked to her as an important figure. She was reluctant to open herself up to a love interest. When she did, she was still her own woman, and she relied on Han as much as he relied on her.

And it was Carrie Fisher’s particular portrayal of her that made Leia come to life. We can speculate how the character would have turned out had another actress portrayed her (we can watch audition footage for some insight), but why, when we can take a look at her regal, authoritative, scrappy, witty, take-no-shit performance. Cheesy dialogue? What cheesy dialogue? Fisher spoke as if those words were natural. Her portrayal made the character more than the idea it was on paper.

Whether you love, like, dislike, or hate any of the Star Wars characters from either the original or prequel trilogies (and you know which ones I’m talking about), they are forever ingrained into American pop culture. For me, and millions of others, Star Wars and its characters permeated every single year, every single month, and likely every single day of my life since I first watched the original movie on VHS in my parent’s living and I had no clue what the hell I was watching. I’ve known Luke, Han, and Leia my entire life, and their story was, and is, very important to me for several reasons.

Now, Carrie Fisher was much more than Princess Leia. She starred in many movies after Star Wars. She was a screenwriter, script doctor, and novelist. She was a mental health advocate. And it’s important we acknowledge these things.

But Fisher is an icon because of Star Wars. For better or for worse, the character of Leia is the way Carrie Fisher was able to make an ever-lasting connection with the world. So, it’s weird to know that Carrie Fisher is no longer with us, because Princess Leia will live on. At the same time, her passing feels like someone I knew very, very well has died, even though that’s completely false. I didn’t know Fisher at all. I knew of her. I knew of her sharp wit. I knew of her mental health struggles. I knew of her no-shit attitude. I knew of her prowess with words.

So, I find it weird that someone I didn’t know, except through my love of Star Wars, could have such an impact on me that this is the first time in my life I can recall becoming teary-eyed at a celebrity’s passing, and that I’ve been prompted to write about them. It’s difficult to even look at a picture of her without wanting to well up.

It’s trite and expected, but I have to say it; after all, Star Wars and Carrie Fisher’s Princess Leia are important to me, they’re a part of me, and now the story’s heroic princess has died:

May the Force be with her.

Star Wars: Rogue One – Just Some Initial Thoughts

posted on December 21, 2016 by Phillip Ginn
Posted in General Thoughts, Op Ed

I saw Star Wars: Rogue One. It wasn’t bad.

Say what you will about George Lucas’ prequel Star Wars movies, but they are distinctly Star Wars. And not just because he’s the creator. His Star Wars movies have a sense of wonder, magic, and mythology, amongst the drama, humor, and cheese. They were operatic. They were epic. You don’t have to like them, but they are distinctly Star Wars, just as the original trilogy is (despite the differences in acting and scripting quality).

Star Wars stories outside of the movies, such as the Clone Wars shows and all the books and comics, have a noticeably different flavor than the films. They’re smaller in scope. They can take their time. They are smaller parts of a much, much larger whole, and their storytelling reflects that in a good way.

Rogue One is a good Star Wars story. As a film, it’s a little flat, and there isn’t a lot of character development, which is kind of a first for Star Wars because the series has always focused on the characters while the universe provides context. The dialogue is good. It’s witty. At times, it’s inspiring. The presentation of Rogue One makes it seem like a large movie, but its focus is small. There is no sense of wonder. It’s simply a story set in the Star Wars universe. It’s a small tidbit that comes before A New Hope.

Technically, we knew what was going to happen in the prequels. We didn’t know exactly how things would unfold, but we knew ending: Darth Vader’s origins. Still, despite our over-generalized knowledge of the basic story, I submit that the films attempt to convey an other-worldliness. There is a sense that, despite knowing how the trilogy would end and, especially, despite the controversial cheese factor, we are watching something mythological take place. Lucas’ Star Wars films are romanticized versions his tale. His dialogue is not how people would actually talk; it’s arguably romanticized dialogue befitting the operatic nature of the films. In The Empire Strikes Back and Return Of The Jedi, films he produced but did not direct or write, still work as magical epics – and the scripting in these films is less romanticized than in A New Hope.

Even The Force Awakens – which is more of an homage than a new Star Wars movie – seemed grand. Through that entire film I was excited to see what happened next, even though, unlike the other, Lucas Star Wars films, it doesn’t attempt to present anything new. It is a lot of A New Hope and bits of Empire, but I was still transported to a larger world. The story is not small in any way. Regardless of whether one thinks The Force Awakens was original or not, there is a sense of wonder and grandeur about the film.

It is that mythological sensibility that makes me giddy when I watch one of the main Star Wars titles.

And that makes Rogue One a unique Star Wars movie. It’s the first Star Wars movie to lack a sense of wonder. There is no mythology, even though it is the tale of a key event in the Star Wars mythology. Rogue One is simply a good, fun, sci-fi action film set in the Star Wars universe. That, to me, would have made it a good offering for TV. But, instead, we get a whole movie. Think Marvel’s The Avengers movies versus the Agents Of Shield TV show. If it weren’t for the fact Rogue One bears the Star Wars name, I think most audiences would see it as just another science fiction space adventure. The Star Wars brand, and the film’s place in the cinematic timeline, is what gives this movie its grandeur, even though the movie itself is not grand.

I enjoyed Rogue One, but I miss the very thing George Lucas brought to the table: a sense of wonder in the films.

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